Pasista na wara ikaduduwa

20160331_163905Fascism in power can be extraordinarily long-lived. The Franco regime in Spain lasted 39 years, while Salazar’s Estado Novo in neighboring Portugal went on for 42 years. – Walden Bello, Rodrigo Duterte: A Fascist Original

An pagsakát ni Burog sa puwesto mas masasabutan sa paagi sin paglingág sa klabíra san EDSA, sa araginsa na liberál nan demokratiko, na nabuhay san pag-alsa san 1986. An ungód, an kalupa’án san EDSA an naging abono san ging’ot na si Burog.

An runaot sa EDSA nan nagpadagos sa pakapuwesto ni Burog, an magkaupód na monopolyo san mga bagaw bwena pamilya sa mga eleksyón, palakáw na pang-ekonomiya, nan pagpauróg sa pagbayad san utang sa iba na nasyon na bino’ót san Amerika. Pag-abót san 2016, mahiwason na an ulut san mga panuga san EDSA—pagpakusóg sa kadaghanan nan pagbarahin sin yaman—nan san kaung’dán san kapobrehan san kadaghanan, makangingirhat na diri pagkaparantay, nan garapál na pangururakot.

An diwál-diwál san EDSA manungód sa demokrasya, yumanrayts, nan pagpasunód sa ley, naging makauungis nan maka’uupsán na alikmód para sa kadaghanan na Pilipino, na di’ man ‘gud naramihan o namati’an an inparadiwál-diwál, dahil sa kanira kawarâ sin kusóg. An diskurso ni Burog—sarakot na paghipà, urág-uragón na panur’maton, nan wara katapusán na kasasabà na inup’dan pa sin yugâ-yugâ sa mga bagaw bwena pamilya, na ginahoy niya na mga konyo o mga puyét—pambihira nan mayadon na timplada na naging makahuhubog sa namagbatî kaniya, na nakamatì sin pakatalkás sa pagkatinongí san mga panugâ san EDSA.
_____________________
Pinalís hali sa Rodrigo Duterte: A Fascist Original, ni Walden Bello, Rappler, Enero 2, 2017

Duterte’s ascendancy cannot be understood without taking into consideration the debacle of the EDSA liberal democratic republic that was born in the uprising of 1986. In fact, EDSA’s failure was a condition for Duterte’s success.

What destroyed the EDSA project and paved the way for Duterte was the deadly combination of elite monopoly of the electoral system and neoliberal economic policies and the priority placed on foreign debt repayment imposed by Washington. By 2016, there was a yawning gap between the EDSA Republic’s promise of popular empowerment and wealth redistribution and the reality of massive poverty, scandalous inequality, and pervasive corruption.

And the EDSA Republic’s discourse of democracy, human rights, and rule of law had become a suffocating straitjacket for a majority of Filipinos who simply could not relate to it owing to the overpowering reality of their powerlessness. Duterte’s discourse – a mixture of outright death threats, basag-ulero language, and frenzied railing coupled with disdainful humor directed at the elite, whom he called “coños” or cunts – was a potent formula that proved exhilarating to his audience who felt themselves liberated from the stifling hypocrisy of the EDSA discourse.

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